Published on July 16th, 2021
Second Quarter 2021 | Fixed Income Commentary
Fixed income markets climbed higher throughout the second quarter as declining US Treasury yields supported valuations. Roosevelt’s Current Income Portfolio returned 1.7% gross, with corporate bond and preferred securities gaining by 1.4% and 3.0%, respectively. By comparison, the Bloomberg Barclays Intermediate Corporate Bond Index returned 1.7% and the ICE BofA Fixed Rate Preferred Securities Index returned 3.0%.
During the quarter, the Consumer Price Index surprised investors to the upside and rose by 4.2% in April. The largest advances were concentrated in areas most affected by the pandemic such as air fares, lodging and used car prices, which support the FOMC’s narrative that the building inflationary pressures are transitory. Moreover, retail sales and employment data have fallen short of expectations, spending on durable goods moderated, and housing starts declined sequentially, as rising input costs and labor shortages began to take hold. After rising during April and peaking in early May, lumber prices declined by month end. Taken together, incoming data throughout the quarter may have softened inflationary concerns somewhat and caused 10Y US Breakeven Inflation levels, which are indicators of expectations for future inflation, to decline by 3 bps.
In June, the Federal Reserve sent a hawkish signal in the FOMC meeting by discussing the potential tapering of asset purchases sooner than previously expected and by updating dot plot expectations to reflect two 25 bp interest rate hikes in 2023. The unexpected shift from the Federal Reserve’s previous stance on “FAIT” (Flexible Average Inflation Targeting), whereby the FOMC would let the economy run hot with an inflation target above 2%, to average ~2% over time, put into question just how much the Federal Reserve is willing to let inflation go before taking steps to curtail economic growth. Expectations of an earlier lift-off by the Federal Reserve in raising interest rates, coupled with continued slowing consumer demand, mixed employment data, and concerns over new cases of the delta variant, have slightly dampened the economic growth outlook . As a result, 10Y US Real Yields have fallen by 24 bps and contributed to most of the decline in 10Y US Treasury yields as well as in the spread between 2Y and 10Y US Treasury yields, which fell by 27 bps and 23 bps, respectively.
Second Quarter 2021 decline 10Y US Treasury and 10Y US Real Yields:
Lower government yields, and a flatter overall yield curve, have led longer duration securities to outperform. Corporate bonds with maturities in the 5-10 year range gained by over 1% this quarter and recovered some of their losses from earlier in the year. In addition, retail, $25 par, predominantly fixed-rate coupon preferred securities gained by 3.3% during the quarter, while institutional, $1,000 par, fixed-to-floating rate coupon preferred securities saw gains of 2.5%.
The resulting flatter yield curve, however, has also made attractive reinvestment opportunities in fixed income markets harder to find, as there is less incentive to take on duration risk for only modestly higher yield compensation. Nevertheless, we continue to fund portfolios with attractive yields and a shorter duration than benchmark intermediate-term investment grade corporate bond and preferred securities markets. We also continue to favor high coupon, low duration, fixed-rate coupon preferred securities, in addition to fixed-to-floating rate coupon preferred securities, to diversify our interest rate risk exposure and protect against the potential for rates to go higher. Our goal to enhance yield and reduce risk is unchanged, and we believe the portfolio is defensively positioned to withstand potential volatility and earn reliable income regardless of the underlying economic environment, expectations for inflation or the path of interest rates in the future.
As of June 30, 2021